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RPM : error: db3 error(-30974) from dbenv->failchk: DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery

Ok, was trying to update one of my servers today and encounter these funky error messages “error: db3 error(-30974) from dbenv->failchk: DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery” while trying to update yum

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# sudo yum update
[sudo] password for manager:
rpmdb: Thread/process 19525/140269149038336 failed: Thread died in Berkeley DB library
error: db3 error(-30974) from dbenv->failchk: DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery
error: cannot open Packages index using db3 - (-30974)
error: cannot open Packages database in /var/lib/rpm
CRITICAL:yum.main:
Error: rpmdb open failed

Attempt to fix this with database recovery command somehow did not work

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# rpm --rebuilddb
rpmdb: Thread/process 19525/140269149038336 failed: Thread died in Berkeley DB library
error: db3 error(-30974) from dbenv->failchk: DB_RUNRECOVERY: Fatal error, run database recovery
error: cannot open Packages index using db3 - (-30974)

so proceed to check cd /var/lib/rpm and see what’s going on

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# ls -l
total 49248
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1548288 Jul 21 09:57 Basenames
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 12288 Jul 21 09:57 Conflictname
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 24576 Aug 7 18:07 __db.001 <----- files with __ are the lock files
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 229376 Aug 7 18:07 __db.002
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1318912 Aug 7 18:07 __db.003
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 753664 Aug 2 11:30 __db.004
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 802816 Jul 21 09:57 Dirnames
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2605056 Jul 21 09:57 Filedigests
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 12288 Jul 21 09:57 Group
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 8192 Jul 21 09:57 Installtid
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 24576 Jul 21 09:57 Name
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 12288 Jul 21 09:57 Obsoletename
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 40312832 Jul 21 09:57 Packages
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2576384 Jul 21 09:57 Providename
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1486848 Jul 21 09:57 Provideversion
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 12288 Jul 5 2013 Pubkeys
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 196608 Jul 21 09:57 Requirename
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 90112 Jul 21 09:57 Requireversion
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 45056 Jul 21 09:57 Sha1header
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 24576 Jul 21 09:57 Sigmd5
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 12288 Jul 21 09:57 Triggername

remove the unwanted files with rm -f __* command

and bingo !

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# yum update
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
epel/metalink | 14 kB 00:00
base: mirrors.loosefoot.com
epel: mirrors.kernel.org

Hope this tutorial can be useful for those having problem with yum update.

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